Українська English


Vasyl Gabor

Khust as a capital of the Carpatho-Ukraine in the coverage of the West Ukrainian press in 1938―1939s


The West Ukrainian press publications spanning 1938―1939s about the Khust town (the capital of the Carpatho-Ukraine) reflecting its symbol as a struggle for unity have been analyzed. The questions of the Khust nominative origin have been studied, as well as the popular sentiments of the people and a socio-political atmosphere of that time, have been characterized. The publications in the mentioned topics of the leading Ukrainian scientists, public figures, specifically, V. Birchak, M. Braschaik, B. Buri-Voskresenskyi, M. Vozniak, V. Zheltvai, A. Zhyvotko, V. Komarysnkyi, V. Koroliv-Staryi, I. Nevytska, A. Patrus-Karpatskyi, V. Pachovskyi, O. Pritsak and others, have been introduced in the scientific circulation. It has been argued that the Khust town will remain a symbol of the struggle of the most western branch of the Ukrainian people for its independence and freedom in 1919 and 1939s forever, in the annals of the Ukrainian history.

The first vivid manifestation of this struggle was a general rally of the Transcarpathian Ukrainians (with participating 420 delegates) on Jan. 21 1919 in Khust. They elected the Central People’s Council and adopted a unanimous decision about joining Transcarpathia to Ukraine. Next time Khust became a symbol of the Ukrainian unity when the Carpatho-Ukrainian government officially recognized the town as a new capital of the young state on 10 November 1938, and the first Soim (the parliament) declared the independence of the Carpatho-Ukraine on 16 March 1939. Aspirations to unity and independence of the Transcarpathian Ukrainians, in M. Braschaik’s statement, were natural. The latter’s relevant reasoning is that the people’s integrity comprises its language and common origins, i.e., its blood, mentality, temperament, culture, folk traditions and customs.

In the analyzed publications, the image of Khust town has been vividly reflected. It was a symbol of the struggle of the Transcarpathian Ukrainians for their unity, their blood affinity with the Ukrainian people. At the same time, this article presents a comprehensive history of foundation and derivation of the Khust town’s name, its external and internal changes, sentiments of the residents, as well as the then sociopolitical atmosphere of the time of the proclamation of the Carpatho-Ukraine’s independence (1939).

Keywords: Khust, capital, Carpatho-Ukraine, publications, unity, state independence.

Full text


  1. Birchak, V. (1938). Vid Uzhhorodu do Khustu, Dilo, no. 260, 23 lystop., pp. 7—8. (in Ukr.).
  2. Briashchaiko, M. (1939). Volia narodu v Khusti, Nova Svoboda, no. 13, 22 sich., pp. 1—2. (in Ukr.).
  3. Buria-Voskresenskyi, B. (1939). Sviato sobornosty v Khusti, Zhinocha Dolia, no. 4, 15 liut., p. 11. (in Ukr.).
  4. (1939). Velychnie sviatkuvannia 20. richnytsi proholoshennia Sobornosti Ukrainy ta proholoshennia Pershoi Ukrainskoi Tsentralnoi Narodnoi Rady u Khusti, Nova Svoboda, no. 14, 24 sich., p. 1. (in Ukr.).
  5. (1939). Visty z Karpatskoi Ukrainy, Dilo, no. 8, 13 sich., p. 7. (in Ukr.). 169 6.
  6. (1939). Vistka z Pidkarpattia…, Zhinocha Dolia, no. 1/2, 1/15 sich., pp. 2—3. (in Ukr.).
  7. Vozniak, M. (1938). Nazva stolytsi Karpatskoi Ukrainy, Novyi Chas, no. 283, 19 hrud., p. 2. (in Ukr.).
  8. Dzydz, S. (1939). De maie buty stolytsia Karp. Ukrainy, Nova Svoboda, no. 34, 15 liut., p. 2. (in Ukr.).
  9. (1939). II. Krayevyi Sichovyi Zyizd v Khusti, Nastup, no. 8, 23 liut., p. 3. (in Ukr.).
  10. Duchyminska, O. (1938). Rozkazaty vam shchos pro Zakarpattia?, Nova Khata, no. 22/23, 1 hrud., pp. 2—3. (in Ukr.).
  11. Zhyvotko, A. (1938),.Khust, Nova Svoboda, no. 124, 29 lystop, p. 4. (in Ukr.).
  12. (1939). Istorychnyi den u Khusti (Teliefonom vid vlasnoho korespondenta «Novoho Chasu»), Novyi Chas, no. 60, 17 berez., p. 3. (in Ukr.).
  13. (1939). Karpatska Ukraina rozbudovuyetsia, Dilo, no. 20, 29 sich., p. 6. (in Ukr.).
  14. Komarynskyi, V. (1939). Velykyi den Khusta, Nova Svoboda, no. 44, 28 liut., pp. 1, 5. (in Ukr.).
  15. Koroliv-Staryi, V. (1939). Pro nazvu stolytsi, Nova Svoboda, no. 11, 19 sich., p. 7. (in Ukr.).
  16. N. (1939). Lyst iz Khustu, Nova Khata, no. 1/2, 1 sich., p. 10. (in Ukr.).
  17. Nahirna, S. (1939). Lyst z Rakhova, Zhinka, no. 5, 1 berez., pp. 7—8. (in Ukr.).
  18. Nevytska, I. (1935). Zhinochyi rukh na Pidkarpatti, Zhinka, no. 5, 1 berez., p. 3. (in Ukr.).
  19. Oleksenko, Yar. (1939). Velychave natsionalne sviato (Vlasna korespondentsiia), Dilo, no. 23, 2 liut., pp. 3—4. (in Ukr.).
  20. [Oles, O.] (1939). Zamist pryvitu, Nova Svoboda, no. 42, 25 liut., p. 3. Pidp.: V. Valentyn. (in Ukr.).
  21. O. T. (1939). Nova stolytsia Karpatskoi Ukrainy rozbudovuietsia (Vid nashoho korespondenta), Dilo, no. 1, 1 sich., pp. 3—4. (in Ukr.).
  22. [Patrus-Karpatskyi, A.] (1939). Khust pomolodiv na dvadtsiat rokiv: Pryhotovannia pered vidkryttiam karpato-ukrainskoho soimu. Nastrii naselennia stolytsi Karpatskoi Ukrainy, Nova Svoboda, no. 48, 4 berez., pp. 2—3. Pidp.: Petro Karpatskyi. (in Ukr.).
  23. Pachovskyi, V. (1938). Hust, Zhyttia i Znannia, no. 12, pp. 363—365. (in Ukr.).
  24. (1938). Pershyi zyizd Organizatsii Narodnoi Oborony «Karpatska Sich» v Khusti, Nastup, no. 5, 11 hrud., p. 3. (in Ukr.).
  25. (1938). Pidkarpattia samoupravna derzhava, Zhinocha Volia, no. 13, Lystop., p. 2. (in Ukr.).
  26. Pritsak, O. (1939). Khust. Mynule stolytsi Karpatskoi Ukrainy, Nova Zoria, no. 15, 26 liut., pp. 6—7. (in Ukr.).
  27. (1938). Podayemo holos z novoi Stolytsi, Nova Svoboda, no. 114, 8 lystop., p. 1. (in Ukr.).
  28. (1939). Pro zbory v Khusti 1919 roku: Hazeta «Ruska Kraina» nazvala zbory «vybukhaiuchym vulkanom», Nova Svoboda, no. 25, 5 liut., p. 2. Pidp.: Podaye Dr. M. Briashchaiko. (in Ukr.).
  29. (1938). Prokhoda V. Khust na porozi novoho zhyttia (Vid vlasnoho korespondenta), Novyi Chas, no. 267, 30 lystop., p. 2. (in Ukr.).
  30. (1939). Samovydets pro Khust i Pidkarpattia, Zhinocha Volia, no. 1, p. 5. (in Ukr.).
  31. (1939). Sviato sobornosty Ukrainy v Khusti, Nastup, no. 5(11), 1 liut., p. 1. (in Ukr.).
  32. (1939). Sich ide! (Reportazh vlasnoho korespondenta «Novoho Chasu» z II-ho Sichovoho Zyizdu v Khusti), Novyi Chas, no. 45, 28 liut., pp. 3—4. (in Ukr.).
  33. Slyvka, M. (1938). Podii, Nastup, no. 6, 20 hrud., pp. 2, 5. (in Ukr.).
  34. (1939). Tysiachni masy narodu v stolytsi. Sviato velykoi richnytsi ukrainskoi yednosty, Nova Svoboda, no. 13, 22 sich., p. 1. (in Ukr.).
  35. (1938). Khust, Novyi Chas, no. 272, 6 hrud., p. 7. (in Ukr.).
  36. (1938). Khust — nova stolytsia, Novyi Chas, no. 248, 8 lystop., p. 6. (in Ukr.).
  37. (1938). Khust stolytseiu Karpatskoi Ukrainy, Novyi Chas, no. 247, 7 lystop., p. 1. (in Ukr.).
  38. (1939). Shcho nam ne podobaietsia v Khusti?, Nova Svoboda, no. 19, 29 sich., p. 3. (in Ukr.).
  39. -yut-. (1938). Novyi Khust, Nova Svoboda, no. 126, 1 hud., p. 2 (in Ukr.).